arrears meaning of arrears in Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English


Generally, among the utilities considered, those with the largest customer bases also have the highest number of customers in arrears. Among these utilities, Con Ed, serving much of New York City, has 30 percent of all residential customers, 32 percent of all such customers in arrears, and 47 percent of total arrears. Grid U represents 15 percent of all residential customers, but 18 percent of customers in arrears and 20 percent of total arrears.


Payments that are made at the end of a period are also said to be in arrears. In this case, payment is expected to be made after a service is provided or completed—not before. When dividends are in arrears, there is usually a legal agreement between the preferred stockholders and the management that prevents the company from paying dividends to ordinary stockholders. Also, the company may be restricted from using cash during the period when the dividends are in arrears. The delay in dividend payments to the preferred stockholders occurs because the company lacks sufficient cash flow to pay the dividends, and therefore, the dividend may not be authorized by the board of directors.

Dividends in arrears

The number was first reported in a May 20 report by the Energy Affordability Policy Working Group. While the share of customers in is modest, the amount owed per customer is significant. For the Con Ed customer in arrears, the average amount owed—$2,162—is more than monthly median gross rent (about $1,500) in New York City. Average arrears also exceed $1,000 for Grid U, PSEG, and Orange and Rockland customers, as shown in Figure 4. The greatest increase for both number of customers in arrears and the amount of arrears was in CHE&G, where the number of customers in arrears more than doubled and the amount owed close to quadrupled. Utilities with the next largest arrears increases were Grid NY and Con Ed at 155 percent, followed by Grid LI at 134 percent, PSEG at 109 percent and NYSEG with 108 percent.

The term can be used in relation to various costs such as rent payments, water bills, child support, royalties, dividends, loan repayments, etc. An annuity such as a loan repayment is a series of equal amounts of payment that occurs at equal time intervals—say for $250 per month for 10 years. If the annuities are due at the end of the period such as mortgage payments, they are called an ordinary annuity or annuity in arrears. When payrolls are in arrears, the previous week’s (or some other period’s) payments are processed and paid out to employees as opposed to wages earned during the current period. Current pay would instead occur as payroll and processed each period as it ends. The Mortgage Credit Directive provides in Article 28 that Member States shall adopt measures to encourage creditors to exercise reasonable forbearance with consumers in arrears before they initiate foreclosure proceedings .

Is Being in Arrears Always Negative?

This method of accruing interest is standard for virtually every mortgage loan in this country. A row with a label containing n Future appears if there is “future debt”. Future debt is very rare and can only exist if a debit financial transaction has a future arrears date.


Julia Kagan has written about personal finance for more than 25 years and for Investopedia since 2014. The former editor of Consumer Reports, she is an expert in credit and debt, retirement Arrears planning, home ownership, employment issues, and insurance. She is a graduate of Bryn Mawr College (A.B., history) and has an MFA in creative nonfiction from Bennington College.

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The word arrears is used to mean “end of period” when referring to annuities (an annuity is series of equal amounts occurring at equal time intervals, such as £1,000 per month for 20 years). If the recurring amount comes at the end of each period, the annuity is described as an annuity in arrears or as an ordinary annuity. For example, you borrow £10,000 on September 30 and your first monthly payment will be due on October 31, the second payment will be due on November 30, and so on.

Annuities are called annuities in arrears when payments are due at the end of the period. Anderson is CPA, doctor of accounting, and an accounting and finance professor who has been working in the accounting and finance industries for more than 20 years.

Understanding Arrears

An account can also be said to be in arrears if the service has already been rendered, and the payment is due to be made at the end of the agreed period. For example, an employee is paid a salary in arrears because the service must be offered and completed before any payments can be made. When any shareholder does not pay his/her call money to company on his/her due date. At that time, company will deduct that calls in arrears from total called up capital for showing net paid up capital in balance sheet. Or, your loan could be recalculated and the arrears added to the loan balance, which might make your monthly payments go up.

  • However, rent direct reduced landlords’ rent collection costs and minimised the possibility of rent arrears.
  • The delay in dividend payments to the preferred stockholders occurs because the company lacks sufficient cash flow to pay the dividends, and therefore, the dividend may not be authorized by the board of directors.
  • Building a Successful Employee Referral Program An effective employee referral program can help you attract and retain highly qualified workers who are a good fit with your company’s vision.
  • Once you’ve gotten into the cadence of arrears payroll, your employees will most likely not notice that the previous week’s hours are next week’s payroll.
  • In some cases, such as bonds, arrears can refer to payments that are made at the end of a certain period.

Zimbabwe, locked out of outbreak aid programs because of debt arrears, has thrown itself at the mercy of organizations including the International Monetary Fund with no response so far. An advance payment is made ahead of its normal schedule such as paying for a good or service before you actually receive it. Arrears refers to a debt or payment that is still outstanding after the payment due date has passed. Arrearage applies to dividends that are due but have not been paid to preferred shareholders. Timothy Li is a consultant, accountant, and finance manager with an MBA from USC and over 15 years of corporate finance experience. Timothy has helped provide CEOs and CFOs with deep-dive analytics, providing beautiful stories behind the numbers, graphs, and financial models.

What Kinds of Payments Can Be in Arrears?

The Guidelines will apply from the transposition date of the MCD, i.e. 21 March 2016. Following the publication of the English version, the EBA will make available, in due course, the translations of these Guidelines in all EU languages. Back payments, unpaid debts, outstanding debts, unfinished work, unpaid bills, more… Call-in arrears refers to the amount that a defaulter shareholder has not paid on the call money by the due date. It is calculated by deducting the paid-up capital from the called-up capital. The issuer may recover the unpaid call money if the received shares are forfeited. If there is no difference between the called up capital and the paid-up capital, the call-in arrears will be zero.

What does Accounting Standard 5 stands for?

Accounting Standard 5 (AS 5) deals with the classification and disclosure of specific items in the Statement of Profit and Loss. The purpose of AS 5 is to suggest such a classification and disclosure in order to bring uniformity in the preparation and presentation of statement of net profit or loss across enterprises.

During the 1995 campaign, the goals of increasing wages and pensions conflicted more noticeably with that of decreasing arrears. Policy makers knew that large increases in the minimum wage or pension would undermine their attempts to clear arrears before the election.

Words related to arrears

These Guidelines support the national implementation by Member States of the forthcoming Mortgage Credit Directive (‘MCD’). As a further support to the implementation of the MCD, the EBA also published today the Opinion on Good Practices for Mortgage Creditworthiness Assessments and Arrears and Foreclosure, including expected mortgage payment difficulties. The European Banking Authority published today a consultation paper on draft Guidelines on arrears and foreclosure under the Mortgage Credit Directive . As foreclosure can have significant consequences for consumers, creditors should implement measures to attempt to resolve with the borrower any payment difficulties before initiating foreclosure proceedings. These draft Guidelines will ensure that such measures are developed and adopted consistently across the European Union. Payment in arrears can refer to the practice of compensating a service provider after the terms of the agreement has been met. This use of arrears accounting indicates that payment will be made at the end of a certain period, rather than in advance.

Payment in arrear is a payment made after a service has been provided, as distinct from in advance, which are payments made at the start of a period. For instance, rent is usually paid in advance, but mortgages in arrear . Payment at the end of a period is referred to by the singular arrear, to distinguish from past due payments. For example, a housing tenant who is obliged to pay rent at the end of each month, is said to pay rent in arrear, while a tenant who has not paid rental due for 30 days is said to be one month in arrears. Precise usage may differ slightly (e.g. “in arrear” or “in arrears” for the same situation) in different countries. Arrears is a legal term for the part of a debt that is overdue after missing one or more required payments. The amount of the arrears is the amount accrued from the date on which the first missed payment was due.

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